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Summary Edit

Blueberries are perennial flowering plants with blue– or purple–colored berries. They are classified in the section Cyanococcus within the genus Vaccinium. Vaccinium also includes cranberries, bilberries, and huckleberries. Commercial "blueberries" – including both wild ('lowbush') and cultivated ('highbush') blueberries – are native to North America. The highbush blueberry varieties were introduced into Europe during the 1930s.

Growth Edit

Blueberries are usually prostrate shrubs that can vary in size from 10 centimeters (3.9 in) to 4 meters (13 ft) in height. In commercial production of blueberries, the species with small, pea–size berries growing on low–level bushes are known as "lowbush blueberries" (synonymous with "wild"), while the species with larger berries growing on taller cultivated bushes are known as "highbush blueberries".

Origin Edit

Commercial "blueberries" – including both wild ('lowbush') and cultivated ('highbush') blueberries – are native to North America. The highbush blueberry varieties were introduced into Europe during the 1930s.

Appearance Edit

Blueberries are pale greenish at first, then reddish-purple, and finally dark purple when ripe. Their flesh is pale-green coloured and the seeds are maroon.

Flowers Edit

The flowers are bell-shaped, white, pale pink or red, sometimes tinged greenish.

Production Edit

In 2016, world production of blueberries (low- and highbush combined) was 552,505 tonnes, led by the United States with 49% of total production and Canada with 32%. In 2016, Canada was the largest producer of wild blueberries, mainly in Quebec and the Atlantic provinces.

Blueberries

Blueberries.

Pink Blueberry Flowers

Fully developed pink blueberry flowers.