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SummaryEdit

kiwi (or chinese gooseberry) [Actinidia deliciosa] {Also known as kiwifruit as to not confuse with kiwi |Bird|} is a sweet and a little sour berry of several species of the woody vines in the family of Actinidiaceae and genus Actinidia.[1][2] The most common cultivar group of kiwifruit (Hayward) is oval and about the size of a large hen's egg.

Origin Edit

Kiwis are native to north-central and eastern China.[1] The first recorded description of the kiwifruit dates back to the 12th century China during the Song dynasty. As it was usually collected from the wild and consumed for medicinal purposes the plant was rarely cultivated or bred.

Appearance Edit

A kiwi has a fibrous, dull greenish-brown skin and bright green or golden flesh with rows of tiny, black, edible seeds. The fruit has a soft texture, with a sweet and unique flavor.

Flower Edit

Appearance Edit

The flower of a kiwi is white-coloured.

Pollination (1) Edit

Most of the kiwi plants require a male plant to pollinate a female plant for the female plant to produce fruit. For a good yield of fruit, one male vine for every three to eight female vines is required. Other varieties can self pollinate, but they produce a greater and more reliable yield when pollinated by male kiwifruit vines.[1]

Pollination (2) Edit

Kiwifruit is notoriously difficult to pollinate, because the flowers are not very attractive to bees. Some producers blow collected pollen over the female flowers. Generally, the most successful approach, though, is saturation pollination, where the bee populations are made so large (by placing hives in the orchards at a concentration of about 8 hives per hectare) that bees are forced to use this flower because of intense competition for all flowers within flight distance.[1] However, this is the case where farmers are recommended to be extremely careful with the treatment of bees; there are many bees present in this method of pollinating kiwis flowers.[1]

Production Edit

In 2016, global production of kiwis was 4.3 million tonnes, with China helping with 56% of the world total production as they have also helped most with apples. Italy and New Zealand were other major producers of kiwis.[3]

References Edit

1. Edit

"Kiwifruit: Actinidia deliciosa In: Fruits of Warm Climates, 1987". Center for New Crops & Plant Products at Purdue University. Retrieved 15 August 2018.

2. Edit

Bernadine Stirk (2005). "Growing Kiwifruit" (PDF). Pacific Northwest Extension Publishing. Retrieved 15 August 2018.

3. Edit

"Kiwifruit production in 2016; Crops/World Regions/Production Quantity from pick lists"UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Statistics Division (FAOSTAT). 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
Kiwi Flower

A fully developed kiwi flower.

Kiwi

A kiwi.

Edible Fruits / Genera Not in Their Scientific Names But Common Names
1.Apple 2.Common Kiwi 3.Malus sieversii 4.Orange 5.Rose Hip 6.Golden Kiwi 7.Blueberry 8.Peach 9.Plum 10.Pear 11.Blackberry 12.Hardy Kiwi 13.Red Kiwi 14.Kumquat 15.Banana 16.Raspberry 17.Apricot 18.Cherry 19.Cloudberry 20.Loquat 21.Nectarine 22.Southern Crabapple 23.Strawberry 24.Arctic Kiwi 25.Silver Vine Kiwi 26.Lemon 27.Pomelo 28.Cranberry 29.Almond 30.Blackthorn 31.Chokecherry 32.Cotoneaster 33.Firethorn 34.Hawthorn 35.Medlar 36.Mountain Ash 37.Quince 38.Serviceberry 39.Boysenberry 40.Dewberry 41.Loganberry 42.Burnet 43.Grapefruit 44.Lime 45.Tangerine 46.Bilberry 47.Lingonberry 48.Lakatan Banana 49.Durian 50.Cherry Laurel 51.English Laurel 52.Cinquefoil 53.Crab Apple
Inedible Fruits / Plant Species
1.Avens 2.Actinidia chrysantha 3.Actinidia pilosula 4.Actinidia laevissima 5.Actinidia rubus 6.Actinidia rudis 7.Actinidia suberifolia 8.Actinidia ulmifolia 9.Actinidia vitifolia 10.Rue 11.Birch Leaf Mountain Mahogany
Non-Flowering Plants
1.Common Juniper 2.Shore Juniper 3.Atlas Cedar 4.Mountain Cypress 5.Common Yew 6.European Silver Fir
Extinct Plant Species
1.Actinidia faveolata 2.Actinidia oregonesis
Flowers
1.Rose 2.Agrimony 3.Flowering Quince 4.Lady's Mantle 5.Shrubby Cinquefoil
Other Plant Species
1.Goat's Beard 2.Meadowsweet
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Fruit Families
1.Rosaceae 2.Actinidiaceae 3.Rutaceae 4.Ericaceae 5.Musaceae 6.Cucurbitaceae 7.Malvaceae
Primary Fruit Subfamilies
1.Amygdaloideae 2.Rosoideae 3.Actinidia 4.Aurantoideae
Secondary Fruit Subfamilies
1.Maloideae
Non-Flowering Plant Families
1.Cupressaceae 2.Pinaceae
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