The pear is any of several tree and shrub species of genus Pyrus, in the family Rosaceae.
It is also the name of the pomaceous fruit of the various trees. Several species of pear are valued for their edible fruit and juices, while others are cultivated as trees.
The pear is native to coastal and mildly temperate regions of the Old World, from western Europe and north Africa east right across Asia. It is a medium-sized tree, reaching 10–17 metres (33–56 ft) tall, often with a tall, narrow crown; a few species are shrubby.
Pears are usually green, sometimes sand-coloured with blackish or whitish spots on their skin.
The flowers of pears are white, rarely tinted yellow or pink.
In 2016, world production of pears was 27.3 million tonnes, led by China with 71% of the total world production. Other significant producers included Argentina, the United States, and Italy, whose combined production was only 9% of the total world production.